Cedarwood from the Atlas Precious timber with thin yellowish sapwood and reddish heartwood with marked growth rings. Medium texture, straight or intertwined fibers, not very hard, easy to work, naturally resistant to rot, free from resin canals so it does not “cry”, modest resistance to impact, when fresh it gives off the characteristic scent of cedar. Used for building and naval constructions, external and internal fixtures, fine carpentry and cabinet making. Species of North African origin, used as an ornamental plant in parks and gardens. Cedarwood from Lebanon Precious wood with thin yellowish sapwood and light brown heartwood with marked growth rings, with characteristics and uses similar to the Atlas Cedar, but the plants lived in our climates produce a light, fragile wood, easy to bend and not very durable. Species of Middle Eastern origin, used as an ornamental plant in parks and gardens. Turkey oak wood Timber with a yellowish external part (sapwood) and a brown-pink internal part tending to purple or pink (heartwood), and well visible parenchymatic rays but higher and denser than oak and English oak. Hard, heavy, coarse texture, straight grain, very accentuated porosity, difficult to mature due to high shrinkage, difficult sawing and nailing, attackable by rot and woodworms if not treated, but heartwood not permeable to preservatives. The best is that of southern Italy, while that of central-north tends to embark and split. It is mainly used as firewood and sometimes for coarse carpentry, barrel staves, wheel spokes. In Italy it forms widespread woods in association with the downy oak. Cherry Wood * Precious wood, yellowish outside (sapwood) and inside with the characteristic reddish color, which tends to darken over time (heartwood), but not always clearly differentiated. It has a fine texture, straight grain, medium hardness, medium weight, matures without difficulty with a medium shrinkage and is easily workable and steam-bendable, but it is fragile, embeds easily and is attacked by rot and woodworms if not treated. To make the color turn red and make the sapwood uniform with the heartwood, it is steamed or immersed in lime water. The flame design is obtained with the tangential cut, Used for fine furniture, cabinet making, turning, cabinetry, floor strips (parquet) and sometimes musical instruments. Cypress wood * Precious wood, brown in color, with heartwood darker than sapwood, with an irregular outline. Fine texture, medium hardness, irregular grain, large knotty, to be aged slowly to avoid cracking, not easy to saw and plan, but it moves little over time and a high degree of finish is possible. It is devoid of resiniferous channels (so it does not “cry”) but rich in resin, and therefore very aromatic and naturally resistant to rot and woodworms, so it is particularly suitable for window frames and furniture (especially chests for storing clothes as the smell of wood kept moths away), as well as for lathe and cabinet-making works, and would also be interested in the coatings of the guardrails. As firewood, it has a very high calorific value. IS’ the typical ornamental plant of Tuscany since the time of the Etruscans, although in certain areas it has become inflated (some municipalities have prohibited new rows on the sides of private roads). It is spontaneous only in the San’Agnese Nature Reserve(Chianti Senese) , where it finds particular environmental conditions. Not to be confused with exotic species such as the Alaskan, Atlantic, Lawson Cypress.

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